Network management strategy never goes without virtualization being an integral part of it, as virtualization is the key to improving network efficiency and resource availability. Virtualization also comes with ample benefits, such as minimized downtime, reduced functional costs, and improved productivity.
Of all the virtual servers, Microsoft Hyper-V tops the list with the versatility and scalability it provides the virtual IT world. Yet, organizations need a comprehensive Hyper-V management tool that has multi-functional Hyper-V performance monitoring and resource planning capabilities. A potent Hyper-V monitoring tool tracks critical performance metrics in real time and helps avoid performance issues. With a proactive Hyper-V performance monitor, you can also receive alerts from wherever you are, and even automate first level troubleshooting tasks.
Let's review the challenges to overcome in Hyper-V monitoring to ensure optimal Hyper-V performance.
Challenges in ensuring optimal Hyper-V performance monitoring
- Managing resources allocation and reallocation
The major challenge in any virtual environment is insufficient resources and Hyper-V is no exception. Resource shortages might lead to performance outages, or server downtime in the Hyper-V host or VM devices. To prevent this and manage resources better, you need to constantly monitor the workload and resource utilization of virtual devices. The actual challenge lies in identifying and managing the factors leading to unnecessary resource consumption, such as VM sprawl, and, inappropriate resource allocation.
Track resource utilization to identify idle VMs and modify configurations as needed.
To halt VM sprawl and improve virtual performance, identify VMs with under or over-allocated resources, and reallocate resources based on their workload.
- Establishing and reconfiguring performance baselines
In a Hyper-V infrastructure, determining performance baselines for critical components such as CPU, memory, and storage, is crucial to preserve network health. But it is difficult for network admins to arrive at a nominal baseline, since each VM demands a different baseline with respect to its workload, users accessibility, and functional criticality.
During resource reallocation or live-migration, reconfiguring threshold values for VM devices is another challenge. This is because the previously set threshold values of VM devices would no longer meet the resource consumption levels of resource-reallocated or migrated devices.
Analyze historical data from the reports to understand data growth patterns, user behavior, sudden business trends, etc., and determine baselines accordingly. By utilizing a comprehensive network monitoring solution like ManageEngine OpManager, you can automate threshold configurations with AI and ML-based algorithms to save network admins time and effort.
To easily reestablish and configure threshold values during live migration and resource reallocation, track VM devices with respect to their current workload, available resources, and resources required to meet demands.
- Ensuring host availability
The Hyper-V host is responsible for the availability of all the virtual devices, and datastores present under that host. If the host goes down for even a minute, the VM devices would turn dormant, affecting the network health. This, if not resolved promptly, can impact critical business operations.
Preventing unexpected business losses comes down to tracking host availability and managing the factors that cause host unavailability, including hardware issues, voltage fluctuations, host overload, connectivity issues, problems arising from virtual network adapters, and virtual switches. However, tracking and controlling these can be challenging.
You can ensure host availability anytime by proactively monitoring the host uptime through the ICMP ping function. To keep the factors causing host unavailability in check, assign a dedicated monitor to each of them, and track for faults and inadequate performance.
- Effects of background instances
Like UI-running applications, background-running instances, such as services, processes, applications, and interfaces, also utilize huge resources. But we often forget to track them.
The connections between these instances and virtual devices can lead to abnormal resource consumption, even if a single instance fails. In turn, this affects the entire virtual network performance, which makes monitoring background instances a crucial part of virtual management strategy.
Leverage instance-specific monitors to track their health, performance, resource utilization and plan resource allocation accordingly.
- Lack of visibility into virtual devices
Since VMs are virtual components, we often lose track of the virtual relationships between the host, VMs, and the cluster. But, it's important for network admins to track: the number of hosts present in the cluster; the number of VMs connected to each host; which VM is connected to which host; and what VM is assigned for which function. This helps ensure quick fault detection, and discovering the root cause of issues.
Even if network admins could perform this, configuring dependency between virtual devices, one by one is an arduous task. This also demands network admins to visualize the network architecture to map dependencies.
Utilize a visualization tool that automatically maps virtual network connectivity and dependency, and displays them in different views, including 3D views, business views, and floor diagrams.
OpManager as an efficient Hyper-V performance monitor
With more than 40 Hyper-V performance monitors, OpManager effectively scrutinizes critical performance metrics to keep unforeseen outages at bay. OpManager enables network admins to configure multi-level thresholds, and automate threshold configurations for response time, memory, and CPU utilization monitors to ensure timely alerts on any faults that arise. To manage VM sprawl and head off performance issues, OpManager also features a dedicated dashboard that displays the resource consumption of virtual devices in real time.
OpManager helps you visualize the virtual architecture and act quickly upon a fault detection by automatically discovering and mapping virtual devices and their dependent devices. Along with custom reports, OpManager's Hyper-V monitor provides over 70 reports which you can schedule or export as you need.