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What is the Dark Web?

The dark web is a collection of websites that exist on encrypted darknet, overlay networks that can't be found by search engines or visited with traditional web browsers. Almost all websites on the dark web require special software (like the Tor browser), configurations or authorization to access. One common misconception is the confusion between the dark web and the deep web. The dark web makes up a small part of the deep which, the part of the Internet that is not indexed by search engines.

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DNSSEC: What Is It and Why Is It Important?

The Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC or DNS Security Extensions) is a set of Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) specifications for securing certain kinds of information provided by the Domain Name System (DNS) as used on Internet Protocol (IP) networks. DNSSEC provides DNS resolvers origin authentication of DNS data, authenticated denial of existence and data integrity but not availability or confidentiality.

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What is an SSL Certificate?

An SSL certificate (or TLS certificate) is a digital certificate that binds a cryptographic key to your organization's details. Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) are cryptographic protocols designed to encrypt communication between a server and a web browser. While SSL certificates are installed server side, there are visual cues in the browser that show SSL protection. If SSL is present you may see https:// in the address bar, a padlock, green address bar or a combination of the three.

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What is a Vulnerability?

In cyber security, a vulnerability is a weakness which can be exploited by a cyber attack to gain unauthorized access to or perform unauthorized actions on a computer system. Vulnerabilities can allow attackers to run code, access a system's memory, install malware, and steal, destroy or modify sensitive data. To exploit a vulnerability an attacker must be able to connect to the computer system.

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What Is a Man-in-the-Middle Attack and How Can It Be Prevented

A man-in-the-middle attack (MITM attack) is a cyber attack where an attacker relays and possibly alters communication between two parties who believe they are communicating directly. This allows the attacker to relay communication, listen in, and even modify what each party is saying. Man-in-the-middle attacks enable eavesdropping between people, clients and servers. This can include HTTPS connections to websites, other SSL/TLS connections, Wi-Fi networks connections and more.

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What is a Cyber Threat?

A cyber threat (or cyber security threat) is the possibility of a successful cyber attack that aims to gain unauthorized access, damage, disrupt, or steal an information technology asset, computer network, intellectual property or any other form of sensitive data. Cyber threats can come from within an organization by trusted users or from remote locations by unknown parties.

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What is Sensitive Data?

Sensitive data is information that must be protected against unauthorized access. Access to sensitive data should be limited through sufficient data security and information security practices designed to prevent unauthorized disclosure and data breaches. Your organization may have to protect sensitive data for ethical or legal requirements, personal privacy, regulatory reasons, trade secrets and other critical business information.

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Why is Cybersecurity Important?

Cybersecurity is important because cybersecurity risk is increasing. Driven by global connectivity and usage of cloud services, like Amazon Web Services, to store sensitive data and personal information. Widespread poor configuration of cloud services paired with increasingly sophisticated cyber criminals means the risk that your organization suffers from a successful cyber attack or data breach is on the rise.

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What is Personally Identifiable Information (PII)?

Personally identifiable information (PII) is data that could identify a specific individual. Information that can be used to distinguish an individual's identity from another or be used to deanonymize anonymous data is also considered PII. While PII has several formal definitions, think of it as any information that can be used on its own or with other information to identify, contact or locate a particular person.